Bangladesh’s clean electricity transition is yet to take shape

Bangladesh generates almost all its electricity from fossil fuels (99% in 2021). It continues to rely heavily on gas (63%) to meet its growing demand, but coal’s share in the power mix also rose in recent years (3% in 2016 to 12% in 2021). Heavy reliance on gas and lack of alternative clean generation capacity were key factors that led to a power crisis in 2022.

Bangladesh is well behind other Asian countries in decarbonizing its electricity sector. Between 2016 and 2021, its non-fossil generation share actually reduced from 2% to 1%, while Asia’s average increased from 25% to 30%. Its share of clean power is the lowest amongst other South Asian countries like Pakistan (44%), Sri Lanka (37%) and India (22%).    

Bangladesh is currently considering a target of 25% clean electricity share by 2030 to be incorporated in its upcoming Integrated Energy and Power Master Plan (IEPMP). As per the IEA, to limit global temperature rises to 1.5C, Bangladesh should fully decarbonise its electricity by 2040 and become net-zero by 2050. 

Last updated: September 2022

Progress towards clean power targets