Czechia

A stuttering coal exit and rejection of renewables risks a costly transition

Coal accounts for approximately 40% of electricity produced in Czechia, a steady decline from 55% in 2010. Czechia has great potential for both wind and solar energy, yet these only provided 3.5% of its electricity in 2021. 

Looking ahead, this means that Czechia is on course to have one of the lowest shares of renewable electricity and the second most carbon-intensive electricity supply in Europe by 2030.

In November 2020 a government-appointed coal commission recommended a phase-out date of 2038. In January 2022 a new government coalition announced its policy program promising to ‘create conditions’ to exit coal by 2033. A rapid shift away from coal is needed – and possible – for Czechia to align with 1.5C.

Last updated: March 2022

Progress towards clean power targets
Czechia
2000–2040