Gas is fueling Egypt’s rapid growth in electricity production

Egypt generates almost all of its electricity from fossil gas and oil (almost 90% in 2022). Electricity production is rising rapidly, driven entirely by increasing fossil gas generation. Renewables made up 11% of the mix in 2022, with only 4.5% coming from wind and solar.

Egypt is the largest fossil gas generating country in Africa, responsible for 45% of Africa’s gas generation in 2022. It is also second in gas-powered electricity generation amongst other MENA countries (138 TWh in 2022).

Egypt has not yet made a net zero commitment, but it has committed to achieve 42% of renewable electricity generation by 2030 as mentioned in its updated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC).. A rapid scale up of renewable energy is required to reduce Egypt’s reliance on gas and meet its own renewables targets.


Last updated: May 2023

Progress towards 1.5C power sector benchmarks