A major fossil fuel producer, Kazakhstan is a long way from clean electricity

Wind and solar reached 3.3% of Kazakhstan’s electricity production in 2022, up from a near-zero share in 2015. However, the share of fossil fuels fell only slightly from 90% to 89% during this period. The country continues to rely heavily on coal (60% in 2022) and gas (29%) to meet a large portion of its power demand. 

Kazakhstan is lagging behind other Asian countries in decarbonizing its electricity sector. Between 2015 and 2022, its non-fossil power share remained near 11%, while Asia’s average increased from 24% to 32%.  

In February 2023, Kazakhstan issued a presidential decree to execute its pledge to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060 and increase its share of renewables. According to the IEA Net Zero Emissions scenario, to limit global temperature rises to 1.5C, Kazakhstan should phase out sub-critical coal plants by 2030, fully decarbonise electricity by 2040 and become net-zero by 2050.


Last updated: May 2023

Progress towards 1.5C power sector benchmarks