Fossil fuels threatens to derail Pakistan’s clean electricity transition

Pakistan’s share of clean electricity rose to 43% in 2022, up from 37% in 2015. However, the country’s wind and solar development is still in its infancy, generating less than 4% of its electricity in 2022. About 24% of its power generation in 2022 came from hydro power. 

Despite the falling share of fossil generation in recent years, Pakistan’s share of coal saw a huge jump from less than 1% in 2015 to almost 10% in 2022. This is in contrast to the general global trend: the world average coal share fell from 39% to 36% while coal generation across Asia declined from 60% to 56% during the same period.

In 2020, Pakistan committed to not building new coal plants and increasing its clean electricity share to 60% by 2030. To limit global temperature rises to 1.5C, Pakistan should phase-out sub-critical coal plants by 2030, fully decarbonise electricity by 2040 and become net-zero by 2050. 


Last updated: May 2023

Progress towards 1.5C power sector benchmarks