Coal threatens to derail Pakistan’s clean electricity transition

Pakistan’s share of non-fossil electricity rose to 44% in 2021, up from 35% in 2015. However, the country’s wind and solar development is still in its infancy, generating only 4% of its electricity in 2021. About 27% of its power generation in 2021 came from hydro power. 

Despite the falling share of fossil generation in recent years, Pakistan’s share of coal saw a huge jump from 1% to 15% between 2016 and 2021. This is in contrast to the general global trend: the world average coal share fell from 38% to 36% while Asia’s average declined from 59% to 57% during the same period.

In 2020, Pakistan committed to not building new coal plants and increasing its clean electricity share to 60% by 2030. To limit global temperature rises to 1.5C, Pakistan should phase-out sub-critical coal plants by 2030, fully decarbonise electricity by 2040 and become net-zero by 2050. 

Last updated: March 2022

Progress towards clean power targets