Indonesia has started the process of consigning coal to history

Indonesia’s generation mix has historically been dominated by coal. This dominance has become further entrenched in recent years, as indicated by a significant rise in the share of coal power from 39% in 2010 to 61% in 2021.

Indonesia has been a laggard in the global clean power transition. It had near-zero wind and solar generation in 2022, while the world had reached 12% by 2022. As a consequence, Indonesia’s emissions intensity is one of the highest worldwide, at 623 gCO2/kWh compared to global emissions intensity of 441 gCO2/kWh in 2021.

Indonesia has expressed its intention to phase out coal-fired power plants by the 2040s, conditional upon receiving sufficient international financial and technical support. This positive signal in Indonesia’s attitude towards clean power transition was responded to by the government as it became a recipient of the Just Energy Transition Partnership package in 2022. The financial support should provide ample resources for the country to kick-start its accelerated power sector transition. Indonesia must now demonstrate its international climate commitments by taking immediate actions to peak power sector emissions by 2030 and fulfil its renewable energy ambitions.


Last updated: April 2023

Progress towards 1.5C power sector benchmarks