Despite recent progress, Türkiye still lacks ambition in energy transition
Despite recent progress under the new energy plan, Türkiye still has plans to increase its coal power capacity. The country has seen dependence on imported coal rise, with the cost of coal imports at a record high while Russia becomes the main coal supplier as of 2022. Coal accounts for a third of total power generation.
Türkiye is falling short of its enormous potential for solar power. With only 4.7% solar share in power generation as of 2022, Türkiye competes with Poland (4.6%) and Ukraine (5,3%) which have much lower solar potential.
Türkiye outranks several countries in Europe in terms of wind power share. The country’s 11% wind share in total generation as of 2022 is higher than some G20 countries like France (8%) and Italy (7%).
The country generates around a quarter of its power through hydro under normal conditions, but in dry seasons this declines to less than one fifth and causes an increase in fossil gas generation.
Last updated: May 2023